Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that occur to shield that location from pressure and irritation. They may develop when something such as a shoe rubs on the foot consistently or results in too much pressure against part of the foot. It is known as a callus commonly if the thickening of skin takes place on the bottom of the foot. If thickening happens on the top of the feet or toe it is usually called a corn. However, there is quite a lot of overlap between a corn and a callus. They are not contagious but tend to become painful should they become too thick. In people with diabetes this can lead to more severe foot problems, so they really should be given serious attention.
Corns typically happen when a toe rubs up against the inside of the footwear or there is a toe deformity. Too much force on the balls of the feet, that is frequent in females who often wear high heels may cause calluses to build up under the balls of the foot. People that have particular deformities of the foot, including hammer toes, claw toes, or bunions are susceptible to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses typically have a rough dull looking physical appearance. They might be raised or circular and without the right assessment, they could be difficult to distinguish from warts. Should you have a corn or callus which is causing pain and discomfort or interfering with your everyday living then it is perhaps a good idea to visit a podiatrist. This can be a lot more vital for those who have diabetes or poor circulation. The podiatrist is going to carry out a complete check-up of the feet along with your footwear and evaluate the way you walk to figure out the reason why you may have the corns and callus. For moderate corns or calluses they may propose changing your shoes and use padding in your footwear. If they are more substantial, then your podiatrist could reduce them with a scalpel to carefully and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Further treatments are usually necessary if the corn or callus recurs.