Stem cell therapy is the transplantation of certain stem cells into the affected part of the body. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate and regenerate into many specialized cell types needed in different parts of the body.
The theory of stem cell regeneration in damaged liver cells is believed to be most effective in restoring lost liver cells. The efficient cirrhosis life expectancy with stem cells can regenerate into liver cells and take over the functions of liver cells that have been lost due to fibrosis.
It takes a long time for continuous therapy to control and prevent further damage to liver cells in patients with cirrhosis. In some cases of unexpected complications, the patient's liver will be operated on to treat and control the condition.
Liver cells are multifunctional. It is responsible for digestion, blood sugar control, blood clotting, transporting fat, cholesterol, red blood cell growth, and removing toxins and metabolic wastes from the blood.
The most preferred stem cells for transplantation in patients with liver cirrhosis are autologous adipose tissue. The patient himself is a stem cell donor who needs to be transplanted into the affected part of the liver. These stem cells are not at risk of rejection because they come from the patient himself.
After transplantation into the scarred part of the liver, these stem cells differentiate into hepatocytes. They also produce soluble factors that promote regeneration and restoration of liver cells. It is still the most effective stem cell treatment for liver cirrhosis.